GreenTech

Direct lithium extraction from spent batteries for efficient lithium recycling

The traditional hydrometallurgical method for recycling metals from spent lithium-ion battery cathode materials involves complex processes such as metal leaching, precipitation, separation, and purification. An improved recycling approach involves directly chemically extracting active lithium from lithium-graphite anodes at room temperature. Credit: Science China Press

Recently, the research findings of Professor Xie’s group (Huazhong University of Science and Technology) were published in Science Bulletin. This study proposed a simple, efficient, and low-energy chemical leaching strategy, utilizing a lithium extraction solution composed of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon reagents and ether solvents to directly extract active lithium from retired batteries.

Researchers screened a series of reagents with different redox potentials and solubilities based on the molecular structural characteristics and studied their binding mechanisms with lithium.

Moreover, by systematically analyzing the relationship between the redox potential and extraction efficiency, coupled with theoretical calculation, the optimal reagent was selected. The efficient recovery of active lithium from spent batteries was achieved through the optimization of solvent and process parameters.

Notably, the recovered active lithium can serve as a crucial lithium source. It can be directly employed to react with iron phosphate through spontaneous redox reactions, thereby preparing high-performance lithium iron phosphate materials.

Physicochemical characterization and electrochemical performance tests confirmed the superiority of the materials prepared by this strategy. In addition, the recycling of lithium from commercial batteries enabled the large-scale preparation of lithium iron phosphate cathode materials, demonstrating their practical application prospects.

Importantly, lithium extraction solutions operate within a closed-loop system, minimizing the possibility of environmental pollution. In addition, the lithium extraction reagents can be recycled for reuse. Compared with other recycling technologies, this technique has good economic benefits and practical prospects, and it is expected to promote the sustainable development of lithium-ion batteries.

More information:
Wei Liu et al, Direct lithium extraction from spent batteries for efficient lithium recycling, Science Bulletin (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2024.02.034

Provided by
Science China Press

Citation:
Direct lithium extraction from spent batteries for efficient lithium recycling (2024, March 28)
retrieved 31 March 2024
from https://techxplore.com/news/2024-03-lithium-spent-batteries-efficient-recycling.html

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